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高中英语必背的300个重点词组

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发表于 2017-10-11 14:13:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
高中英语必背的300个重点词组重点词组
1. be able to do能够做
After paying great efforts, he is able to speak English fluently.
2. be about to do正要做
As I was about to say, you interrupted me.
3. add… to…把……加……
If you add 5 to 5, you get ten.
If the tea is too strong, add some hot water.
This adds to our difficulties.
4. be afraid of 害怕
I was afraid of hurting her feelings.
5. go against反对
We don't agree with the proposal, because it goes against the law.
6. agree on达成一致
We agreed on an early start/making a early start.
We all agree on the terms.
7.agree to do同意做
My father has agreed to buy me a new computer.
8. agree with同意某人(或其想法、观点、认识等);与……相符
I don't agree with you on this point.
Your story agrees with what I had already heard.
The climate doesn't agree with me.
The mussels I had for lunch haven't agreed with me.
The verb agrees its subject in number and person.
9. be angry with对……生气
He was angry with himself for having made such a foolish mistake.
He was angry at being kept waiting.
10. be anxious about对……担心
I was anxious about my son's health.
11. apply for申请
I have applied to the Consul for the visa.
12. take sth. in one's arms把……抱在怀里
She took a bunch of roses in her arms.
13. take up arms拿起武器
We should take up our arms to defend our motherland.
14. arrive in/at a place达到某地
My brother will arrive in Beijing next Monday.
I arrive at the school every morning at a regular time.
15. ask (sb.) for sth.向(某人)要某物
You shouldn't ask your parents for money any more.
16. pay attention to对……注意
When you write an essay, you have several things to pay attention to.
17. be away from远离……
When you friend is in trouble, don't be away from him/her; instead, you should try your best to help.
18. go/run away逃跑
It's dangerous! Go/run away immediately.
19. beat… to death将……打死
He was nearly beat to death once after he was caught stealing.
20. go to bed上床休息
I was so tired that I went to bed earlier than before.
21. make the bed铺床
You are old enough to make the beds by yourself.
22. beg one's pardon请某人再说一遍
Sorry I didn't catch it. I beg your pardon.
23. begin… with以……开始
The party began with a cheerful song.
24. believe in信仰
In western countries, many people believe in God.
25. belong to属于
That Taiwan belongs to China should be unquestionable.
26. do one's best尽最大的努力
If you have done your best, then there's nothing to regret.
27. had better最好
You had better stop smoking.
28. blow away吹走
The wind blew the heat away.
29. take a boat乘船
I took a boat to go to the island in the center of the lake.
30. be born出生
He was born in a wealthy family.
31. break away from从……脱离,断绝关系
We won't say "Yes" to anyone's breaking away from our country.
Can't you break away from old habits?
32. break down(指计划、打算)破灭;(机器)坏了;(身体状况)变差
Our plans have broken down.
Negotiations between the two countries have broken down.
The engine broke down.
His health broke down after the death of his wife.
Sugar and starch are broken down in the stomach.
33. break into破门而入
His house was broken into last week.
34. break off 从中间打断
He broke off in the middle of a sentence.
Let's break off for an hour and have some tea.
The mast broke off.
35. break out(指战争、灾难、争吵等)突然爆发
A fire broke out during the night.
The quarrel broke out afresh.
36. break the rules违反规则
Everyone in the group mustn't break the rules.
37. break up击碎、驱散 终止 结束 分裂 分开 分手放学
The ship was breaking up on the rocks.
The gathering broke up in disorder.
The police broke up the crowd.
38. hold one's breath屏住呼吸
He held his breath and sneaked into his room.
39. bring down击落、打倒
A moment ago, we brought down a hostile aircraft.
We should bring down the tyrant.
40. bring in赚得、赢得(利润)
His farms bring (him) in $20000 a year.
The program brings in a new fashion.
41. bring on导致……结果
He was out all day in the rain and this brought on a bad cold.
The fine weather is bringing the crops on nicely.
The coach is bringing on some youngsters in the reserve team.
42. bring up抚养
She has brought up five children.
If children are badly brought up they behave badly.
43. build up建立;恢复(身体状况等)
He has built up a good business.
He went on holiday and soon built up his health.
44. burn…to the ground把……夷为平地
The Japanese invaders burnt the houses to the ground.
45. burn down烧光
The house was burnt down.
46. burst into laughter.突然爆发大笑
On seeing the amusing scene, she burst into laughter.
47. burst into tears突然大哭
She suddenly burst into tears.
48. be busy doing/with sth.忙于做某事
We are busy preparing for/with the exam.
49. call at (a place)拜访某地
I called at the tailor's a couple of days ago.
50. call back回电话
I will call back later.
51. call for到某地取东西;接人;要求;呼吁
A man calls every Monday for old newspapers.
I'll call for you at 6 o'clock.
The occasion calls for prompt action.
People all over the world call for peace.
52. call in请(医生)
Please call in a doctor at once.
53. call on拜访某人
My uncle called on me yesterday on his way home.
54. take care of照顾;负责
The nurse took good care of the patients.
Here, let me take care of the cleaning.
These are the devices that take care of the waste from the factory.
55. care for 担心、关心、想
My parents care for my safety when I travel by myself.
The elders should care for the younger generation.
Would you care for a game of table tennis?
56. carry off夺走(生命);取得(奖励等)
The terrible war carried off her father's life.
Tom carried off all the school prizes.
57. carry on进行
The discussion carried on after a short break.
58. carry out实施
The plan has to be carried out as soon as possible.
59. catch fire起火
This material is easy to catch fire. Be careful.
60. catch up with赶上
I have to study even harder than before in order to catch up with my peers.
61. change…for把……换成
The shirt is too big. Can I change for another one.
62. change…into把……变成
He changed into his working clothes when he began to work.
63. change one's mind改变主意
I persuaded him to change his mind.
64. check out核对,检查
Would you help me to check out the names and numbers.
He checked out and left the hotel.
65. clear away收拾,整理
Please help me to clear away the tea things.
66. clear up(指天)晴朗;清理
The weather/sky is clearing up.
Clear up the desk before you leave the office.
67. catch/take cold; have a cold感冒
He was absent because he caught cold last night.
68. come about产生……结果
How does it come about half of the class are absent?
69. come across碰巧遇到;突然想起
I came across this old brooch in a curio shop.
The thought came across my mind that we …
70. come back回想起来
Their names are all coming back to me now.
71. come down(指雨)下得很大;(指气温)下降
The rain came down in bucketfuls.
The temperature came down suddenly.
72. come from来自
Much of the butter in England comes from New Zealand.
73. come off脱落
The button has come off my coat.
74. come on加油
Come on! Let's race to the bottom of the hill.
75. come out出现;(指花)开放;
The stars come out.
The flowers are coming out.
When will his new book come out?
76. come to(指数字)达到
The total number of people who attended the conference came to 1000.
77. come true(指梦想)实现
I hope that my dream will come true one day in the future.
78. come up
He came up the hard way.
The question hasn't come up yet.
79. compare with与……比较
Compared with education in western countries, China has her own special features.
80. compare to把……比作
Teachers are sometimes compared to candles.
81. connect to 与……联系
It's a railway that connects Beijing to Shenzhen.
82. connect with与……联接
Where does cooker connect with the gas-pipe?
83. be considered as被认为是
She is considered as the best teacher in our school.
84. consider doing sth.考虑做……
I'm considering moving abroad.
85. be covered with被……覆盖
The ground was covered with heavy snow.
86. cut down砍倒
Don't cut down the young trees.
87. cut off砍掉;截断
Don't cut your fingers off!
The enemy had cut off our food supply.
89. cut up切碎
I'll cut up the meat.
90. date from起始于
The temple dates from over a thousand years ago.
91. deal with处理;对付;相处;涉及
How do you deal with the difficulties?
The man is hard to deal with.
The book deals with health problems.
92. do a good deed做好事
During his lifetime, Lei Feng had done many good deeds.
93. depend on取决于;信任
Whether we go to park this weekend depends on the weather.
You can always depend on Jim, for he is an honest man.
It depends on you. Any time is all right for me.
94. devote to把(时间、精力等)专注于……
Mary Curio devoted all her life to the research of radiation matters,
95. die of死于
He dies of a disease.
96. die out绝种
Many old customs are gradually dying out.
97. be different from与……不同
The picture on the right is different from the one on the left.
98. divide up把……分开
We divided the money up equally.
How shall we divide the work up?
99. divide into把……分成(几部分)
The house was divided into two parts.
100. do sb. a favor给某人帮忙
Would you do me a favor?
101. do well in在……方面表现好
He did well in maths when he was in high school.
102. do wrong犯错误,犯罪
He was sentenced three years for his doing wrong.
103. dream of梦想
I am always dreaming of traveling around the world.
104. drop in顺路拜访
Some friends dropped in to tea.
105. earn one's living挣钱维持生计
She earned her living by writing.
106. eat up吃光
He was so hungry that he ate up all the food on the table.
107. have an effect on对……有影响
Her childhood life had a great effect on her later life.
108. end up结束(一般是不太好的结果)
If you continue stealing you will end up in prison.
109. fall asleep入睡
He was so tired that he fell asleep very soon.
110. fall behind落后
He always falls behind when we're going uphill.
111. fall down摔倒
Babies often fall down when they are learning to walk.
The basket is full of eggs -don't let it fall down.
112. fall ill生病
He has fallen ill.
113. fall in love with与……相爱
He fell in love with an actress.
114. fall off从……摔下
The daily number of passengers by this line shows a slight falling off.
The naughty boy fell off the tree when he reached the bird nest.
115. fall over摔入
He fell over into the water and broke his legs.
116. fall to pieces摔成碎片
The window was broken and fell to pieces.
117. be familiar with与……熟悉
He was familiar with English and did the translation work well.
118. be famous for因……出名
Bill Gates is famous for his greatest fortune of the world.
119. feel like doing想做……
I don't feel like eating too much.
120. fill in填写
Please fill in the application forms before you go for a interview.
121. find out找出事实真相
I made up mind to find out the truth.
122. be fit for对……合适
She is the very person who is fit for the position.
123. fix up给某人提供住宿;安排
I'll fix you up for the night. Don't worry about that.
My secretary has fixed up a meeting with you.
Please fix your drawers up.
124. be fond of喜欢……
I was very fond of teaching, so I decided to work in a high school as a teacher.
125. set free解放
One of the great contributions Lincoln had made was setting the slaves free.
126. make friends with与……交朋友
She was very popular, and she had made lots of friends after she moved to the new school.
127. be full of充满……
The hall was full of crowds of people.
128. make fun of开……的玩笑
Never make fun of the disabled people.
129. get along with与……相处
She is getting along with her studies and new friends well.
130. get away逃走
Two of the prisoners got away.
131. get back回来
You can arrange you time yourself after school as long as you get back before 10p.m.
132. get close to接近
In order to be a famous actor, he tried to get close to those movie stars.
133. get down下车
Remember to get down after three stops.
134. get down to集中精力做……
I should get down to my work after the long holiday.
135. get in(表示火车)进站;收割
Th train got in five minutes early.
Farmers get in harvest in September.
136. get in touch with与……取得联系
I've lost my phone book, so I can't get in touch with my old friends.
137. get into the habit of形成某种习惯
After coming here, I've got into the habit of getting up early in the morning.
138. get married结婚
He has got married and has the twins.
139. get off
We got off immediately after breakfast.
She got off the scarf after getting in.
140. get rid of摆脱,除掉
We should get rid of bad habits.
141. get though接通;通过(考试);
I rang you several times yesterday but couldn't get through.
Tom failed but his sister got through.
142. get together聚会
We got together to celebrate the New Year's Day.
143. give a talk作演讲
A well known expert is supposed to give a talk tomorrow afternoon.
144. give advice提建议
We need friends to give advice.
145. give back还回
You should give back what you've borrowed.
146. give birth to生育
The mother panda gave birth to two baby pandas yesterday.
147. give in让步,退让
The rebels were forced to give in.
Mary usually has to give in to her big brother.
148. give off放出(某种气体、光、射线等)
The special matter gives off radiation.
149. give out消耗尽;分发
Our food supplies began to give out.
Her patience gave out.
Please help me to give out the books.
150. give up放弃
Don't give up when you get in trouble.
151. go ahead向前,前进
Don't mind it. Please go ahead.
152. go bad变质
Food is easy to go bad in summer.
153. go by经过
Time went by slowly.
154. go for a walk去散步
Let's go for a walk after dinner.
155. go off(指枪)走火;(食物)变坏;(演员)下场
The gun went off by accident.
This milk has gone off.
Hamlet goes off.
156. go on继续
Don't stop. Go on please.
How much longer will the hot weather go on?
157. go on doing sth.继续做某事
Never give up! Go on trying.
I hope it won't go on raining all day.
158. go on with one's work继续某人的工作
Let's stop here today. We'll go on with our work tomorrow.
159. go out(灯)熄灭;参加社交活动
There was a power cut and all the lights went out.
She still goes out a great deal, even at seventy-five.
160. go through浏览;翻找;经历(苦难)
Go through all the exercises before you start the listening practice.
The police went through the pockets of the suspected thief.
My grandfather is a real man who has gone through hardships.
161. go up上升
The temperature is going up.
162. be good at擅长于
She is an excellent student who is good at nearly everything.
163. grow up长大
When you grow up you will understand all this.
164. hand down流传
We can not always observe the traditions handed down to us from the past.
165. hand in上交
Remember to hand in the paper before Next Tuesday.
166. hand in hand手拉手
We should act hand in hand in international affairs.
167. hand out分发
Please help me t o hand out the reading materials.
168. have…on有……活动
I have nothing on tomorrow evening. I'm free.
169. have…to do with与……有关
It has nothing to do with you, so you can leave now.
170. have a gift for有……方面的天赋
She has had a gift for music since she was quite young.
171. have got to不得不
It's too late and I have got to go right now.
172. have sth. on穿着……
The emperor had nothing on, for he believed that he had had the most beautiful new clothes in the world.
173. use one's head动脑子
Use your head and you'll work it out by yourself.
174. hear about听说
I've just heard about his dismissal.
175. hear from有……的消息
I haven't heard from you for a long time.
176. hear of听说
I've never heard of that place.
177. learn/know sth. by heart把……牢记
If you have learned/known a great deal of poems by heart, you will know how to write poems by yourself.
178. say hello to…向某人问好
Please say hello to your parents for me.
179. help oneself to随意
Make yourself at home. Help yourself to some fish.
180. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事
I should thank you for helping me with English.
181. help out帮……出困境
I don't know how to translate the passage. Please help me out.
182. hold on别挂电话
-- Is that Mary speaking?
-- Hold on, please. I'll get her.
183. hold out伸出
Hold your right arm out and let me examine it.
184. hold up举起
He is such a proud men., always holding his head up.
They were held up by the immigration authorities.
185. hurry up快点
Hurry up or we'll be late.
186. insist on坚持
He insisted on his innocence.
The little boy insisted on doing it by his own.
187. join in加入
Why don't you join in the conversation?
187. join up连接起来
We should join up and take actions to defend ourselves.
188. keep a record做记录
When you do an experiment, you'd better keep a record.
189. keep back扣
They keep back $200 a month from my salary for National Insurance.
190. keep fit保持身体健康
Nowadays keeping fit is a hot topic of people's conversations and focus of magazines and newspapers.
191. keep in touch with保持联络
Although he is abroad now, he can keep in touch with his friends by e-mail.
192. keep off让……远离
They made a big fire to keep wild animals off.
193. keep on doing sth.重复地做某事
Don't keep on asking silly questions.
Keep on working for a whole day made me exhausted.
194. keep one's balance保持平衡
It's very important for an gymnastic to keep his/her balance.
Keeping balance of nature is of great significance.
195. keep one's promise遵守诺言
no one will believe those who don't keep their promises.
196. keep up振作精神;保持(习俗);维持
Keep up your spirits! Keep you chin up!
Sometimes we should keep up old customs.
How much does it cost you to keep up such a large house and garden?
197. knock at敲门
Listen, I heard somebody knocking at the door.
198. knock into sb.撞倒
When I fell from the tree, I knocked into a passer-by.
199. knock out of把……敲出来
Grandfather was sitting at the table, knocking the ash out of his pipe.
200. laugh at嘲笑
Don't laugh at those who seem to be inferior.
201. lay the table摆桌子
Please lay the table. Dinner is ready.
202. lead to 导致
Carelessness led to the terrible traffic accident and death of five passengers.
203. do one's lesson做功课
You have to do your lesson before you can watch TV.
204. have lesson上课
We don't have any lessons on weekends.
205. let in让……进入
Windows let in light and air.
These shoes let in water.
Who let you in?
206. let out把……放出;泄露(秘密)
He let air out of the tyros.
He tried to be calm, but his voice let him out.
207. live on 以……为生
He lives on a small wage.
208. look after照顾
I decide to stay home and look after my grandmother.
209. look back upon回顾
Sometimes when we look back upon the past, we will cherish what we have more.
210. look down upon (on)瞧不起
I look down upon those independent women.
211. look for寻找
I've been looking for my key for half an hour.
212. look forward to盼望、期待
Winter vacation is coming. I'm looking forward to seeing my family.
213. look into.朝里看;调查
I looked into the bush and found a ball.
I should look into this complicated case later.
214. look out当心
Hey! Look out, the truck is coming behind.
215. look (a)round环视;仔细分析情况
Don't make a hurried decision; look (a)round well first.
216. look up查找
I'll look up the new word in the dictionary.
217. have/take a look看一眼
Oh, what a pretty dress. Let me have/take a look.
218. lose heart.丧失信心
Never lose heart. Keep on trying.
219. lose one's life丧命
In the earthquake, some two thousand residents lost their lives.
220. lose one's voice失声
Being a teacher, she often loses her voice after a three-hour lesson.
221. lose weight减轻体重
If you want to enjoy yourselves in Lunar New Year holiday, it's impossible to lose weight.
222. be in love with与……相爱
Romeo was in love with Juliet.
223. be made from由……制成(看不出原材料)
Wine is made from grapes.
224. be made of由……制成(看得出原材料)
Cloth is made of cotton, wool, silk and other materials.
225. be made in在哪制造
You can find many products in the USA which are made in China.
226. be made up of由……组成
A year is made up of 12 months.
227. make…to one's own measure
给某人量体裁衣。
This is a nice fit. It must have been made to your own measure.
228. make a decision做决定
Think over before you make a decision.
229. make a good effort做出努力
If you make a good effort to study, you will definitely make progress.
230. make a plan for为……制定计划
It's a good habit to make a plan for what you are going to do next.
231. make a promise做出承诺
If you've make a promise, you have to keep it.
232. make a record制唱片
She was very excited, because it was the first time that she had been invited to make a record of her own music.
233. make ends meet让收支平衡
Since Mike lost his job, we can hardly make ends up.
234. make sense有意义
I'm sorry to say that what you said doesn't make any sense.
235. make sure of对……有把握
Before making a decision, I want to make sure of whether what I heard about him is true.
236. make up虚构;弥补
The whole story is made up.
We still need $5 to make up the sum we asked for.
237. make up one's mind下定决心
It's hard to make up one's mind to quit smoking.
238. make use of利用
We should make good use of time to learn more things.
239. have a match举行比赛
It is said that we are going to have a match with Class Three this afternoon.
240. have some medicine服药
Since you don't feel well, why not have some medicine.
241. have/hold a meeting开会
It's urgent to have/hold a meeting about this matter.
242. take a message for给某人带消息
Kate is not in. Shall I take message for her?
243. make a mistake犯错误
It's nothing serious to make a mistake, as long as you realize it and correct it.
244. move on继续前进
After a short rest the troop moved on towards east.
245. make a noise发出噪声
Don't make a noise outside. The baby is still asleep.
246. take part in参加活动
There are three hundred people taking part in the international conference.
247. pay… a visit拜访
Next month, the president will pay a visit to a neighbor country.
248. pay back还债
I worked hard in order to pay back what I owed to others.
249. pay for sth.为……付款
He'll have to pay for this foolish behavior.
250. pay off把债还清
After ten years' hard work I finally paid off the debt.
251. pick out辨别出;挑选
I looked about to pick out my friends in a crowd.
The coach intended to pick out some talented youngsters to the training team.
252. pick up拾起来;不太费力地学得一种外语
This what I picked up on the beach this morning.
It's easy for a child to pick up a foreign language when abroad.
253. take one's place代替某人
Mr. Samuel is sick, so his assistant came to take his place.
254. take place发生
The story took place in a small village in 1950's.
255. take the place of 代替……
Plastics have taken the place of many materials.
256. play a part in起到……作用
Computers are playing an important part in nowadays' science and economy.
257. play the piano弹钢琴
She is playing the piano and all the guests enjoy her performance.
258. play the role of扮演……的角色
In this play, she played the role of a fairy, and she did it very well.
259. point out指出
He pointed out the finest picture to me.
260. point at/to指向
The needle of a compass points to the north.
Don't point a gun at me.
261. be popular with sb.与某人有人缘
She is friendly to everyone around her and she seems to be quite popular with her friends.
262. prevent…from阻止……发生、行动
Such dangerous behavior should be prevented from beforehand.
263. be proud of以……骄傲、自豪
Father is very proud of his able son.
264. push over推搡
Several children were pushed over in the stampede.
265. put away收拾好
Put your toys away. Tony!
266. put down记录
Put down any important information while observing.
267. put…in prison将……投放到监狱.
He committed a case and was put in prison.
268. put on穿上
Put on the jacket, for the weather outside is freezing.
Good news-The play "Hamlet" will be put on in the new theater.
269. put sth. down把某物放下
We are the police. Put down your gun.
270. put on performances举行演出
On Christmas Day various performances will be put on for celebration.
271. put on weight增加体重
If you keep on eating these sweet things you will surely put on weight.
272. put out灭火
The firemen hurried here and put out the big fire in half an hour.
273. put up张贴
A notice was put up, saying that the new film was going to be shown on next week.
274. quarrel about为……争吵
Although they quarrel about some chores, they still support each other and are considered to be a fine couple.
275. get/be ready (for)为……作好准备
Are you ready for the practice? Go.
276. refer to所指
What does this pronoun refer to in this line?
The lecture mainly refers to religions.
277. be related to有关系
She is related to the royal family.
278. remember me to…记得代我向……问好
Please remember me to your family.
279. ring back回电话
I'll ring back a moment later.
280. ring off挂电话
Don't ring off. Hold on please.
281. ring up打电话
I'll ring you (up) this evening.
282. roll over翻滚
The bicycle hit me and rolled me over.
283. make room for给……腾出空地
The bus was extremely busy and we couldn't make any room for a single person.
284. round up集合
The courier rounded up the tourists and hurried them back into the coach.
285. run away逃避
Don't run away-I need your advice.
286. run out of消耗完,用完了
We're fast running out of beer.
287. be seated坐下
Please be seated and make yourself at home.
288. have a seat就坐
Would you have a seat and let's have a talk?
289. take a seat就坐
He came into the room, put off his coat, and took a seat at the desk.
290. see sb. off为某人送行
I am going to see my friends off at the airport, so I'll be late or a couple of minutes.
291. sell out卖光
All the reference books for senior three have been sold out.
292. send for派人叫/请来
Mother is ill. Send for a doctor immediately.
293. send up发送(卫星)
An satellite has been sent up by China.
294. send out放射;发送;发出
The sun sends out light and warmth.
I've sent out a letter of invitation.
The trees send out new leaves in spring.
295. make sentences with用……造句
Could you make sentences with the phrase "put up"?
296. separate from把……与……分离
Separate the good apples from the bad ones.
297. set … on fire给……放火
The slaves set the houses of slave owners on fire.
298. set an example成为一个榜样
Lei Feng set a good example for several generations.
299. set fire to给……放火
The rebels set fire to the houses of landlords.
300. set off出发
They've set off on a journey round the world
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